HISTORICAL MINIATURES BY GEORGE GRASSE

HISTOREX NCO

54mm SCALE PLASTIC KITS

FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WARS: 1792 - 1803

 

FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WAR HUSSAR 1792-1803

FRENCH HUSSARDS DE LA MORT 1792-1793

FRENCH HUSSARS IN EGYPT 1799-1800

FRENCH CHASSEURS A CHEVAL 1791 - 1799

FRENCH HEAVY CAVALRY 1791-1803

FRENCH CAVALRY OF THE DIRECTOIRE 1795-1798

 

FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WAR HUSSARS

Credit for this image is Historex NCO Catalog Series 631

Historex Series 631, French Revolutionary Hussars, 1791-1803.  There were six hussar regiments at the time of the French Revolution in 1789 and were uniformed according to the Ancien Régime Réglement de 1786.  These regiments numbered according to seniority but largely went by their titles -  1er Colonel-General, 2e Bercheny, 3e Chamborant, 4e Conflans, 5e Esterhazy, and 6e Lauzun. 

Each were distinguished by a completely different set of uniform features, one from the other, especially regards their dolman (jacket), their pelisse (outer coat usually slung over the left shoulder), and their culottes (breeches).  Instructions in the kit include color schemes for all of the regiments.

The Réglement de 1791 abolished the Ancien Régime titles and renumbered the regiments according to the following list of hussar regiments include all that survived the Revolutionary Wars and/or were re-designated plus the 14e Hussards which was raised at the end of the Napoleonic Wars and lasted briefly from 1813-14:

 

Number ex-Name Notes
1er Bercheny  
2e Chamborant  
3e Esterhazy  
4e Saxe (ex-Conflans)   deserted June 1793 - regiments 5 and up moved up
5e Colonel-General   became 4e Regiment June 1793
6e Lauzun   became 5e Regiment June 1793
7e New   became 6e Regiment June 1793
8e New   became 7e Regiment June 1793
9e New   became 8e Regiment June 1793
10e New   became 9e Regiment June 1793
10e New 10e   Raised 1793
11e New 11e   Raised 1793; re-designated 29e Dragons 1803
12e New 12e   Raised 1794;  re-designated 30e Dragons 1803
13e New 13e   Raised 1795; disbanded 1796; re-raised 1813
14e New 14e   Raised 1813; disbanded 1814

Hussar uniforms changed in most of their details throughout the Revolutionary period.  The Historex Series 631 listed below represents the period from about 1794 to 1801 when the first shakos were introduced as regulation wear and that both the dolman and pelisse were shortened to the length modeled in the Historex figures.

Each kit builds one soldier.  No extra parts.  Hussars have slung pelisse. 

ITEM

DESCRIPTION KIT PAINTED

631001

French Revolutionary Hussar - Officer $37.25 $268.00

631002

French Revolutionary Hussar - Standard Bearer $37.25 $298.00

631004

French Revolutionary Hussar - Trooper $37.25 $268.00

631005

French Revolutionary Hussar - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

 

FRENCH HUSSARDS DE LA MORT

Credit for this image is Historex NCO Catalog Series 751

Historex Series 751 represents a specific volunteer Hussar company raised in 1792 in response to the  invasion of France Austria and Prussia.  The fervor of the leadership of the Revolution was greatly influenced by the bombastic proclamations made by the enemies of France.  There was no shortage of calling men to arms.  Volunteer Garde Nationale battalions and independent volunteer cavalry were literally created over night but their value as combat troops was sorely lacking and few of these units were ready for deployment in 1792.

The Hussards de la Mort are an example of the scores of independent cavalry companies raised at this time and they serve as an example of the process by which raw troops were eventually assimilated into the army.  Before launching into a few notes of this unit, it is necessary to clear up their name.  There was one slightly earlier hussar unit organized by Citizen Mairiaux who formed a hussar company in November 1792.  They have been identified in history as going by the names "Hussards de Jamappes" or, more popularly, "Hussards noir du Nord" (Black Hussars of the North) or simply the "Black Hussars".  They wore an all-black uniform (dolman, pelisse, and culottes) and were sometimes referred to as "Death Hussars" because of their dark and sinister appearance.  They were eventually integrated into the 10e Régiment de Hussards on 4 June 1793.

A second hussar unit wearing an all-black uniform was sponsored by General Dumourier sometime in late 1792 or early 1793.  This was a distinctly different company and actually adorned their uniform with the skull and crossbones device on the upper sleeves of the dolman and on the sabretache.  Their single company was eventually amalgamated with Citizen Boyer's Égalité Hussards company and a large contingent of possibly four companies from the Hussards des Alpes to form the 14e Regiment de Chasseurs a cheval sometime in mid-1793.

Two versions of this volunteer hussar company are available: one in full dress and one in campaign dress.  Each includes extra arms and/or legs. 

ITEM

DESCRIPTION KIT PAINTED

751101

Hussards de la Mort, Full Dress - Officer

$37.25 $268.00

751104

Hussards de la Mort, Full Dress - Trooper $37.25 $268.00

751105

Hussards de la Mort, Full Dress - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

751201

Hussards de la Mort, Campaign Dress - Officer $37.25 $268.00

751204

Hussards de la Mort, Campaign Dress  - Standard Bearer $37.25 $298.00

751205

Hussards de la Mort, Campaign Dress - NCO or Soldier $37.25 $268.00

 

FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WAR HUSSAR IN EGYPT 1799

Credit for this image Historex NCO catalog Series 803

Historex kit 803000 is renumbered from kit Hi.7 of the old "Historex Collection" series of specific regiments.  It represents a trumpeter of the 7e bis Régiment de Hussards 1799.

This kit builds one mounted trumpeter.  No extra parts. 

ITEM

DESCRIPTION KIT PAINTED

803000

7e Regiment de Hussards Egypt 1799 - Trumpeter $37.25 $258.00

 

FRENCH CHASSEURS À CHEVAL 1791 - 1799

Image credit is Historex NCO website

Historex kit HXH033 depicts (in composite views above) one of the Chasseur a cheval regiments of the regular army during the French Revolutionary Wars and the conflict against the Vendéean revolutionaries.  Considered as light cavalry, these regiments were primarily used for reconnaissance, patrol, and screening.    By 1794, there were 24 Chasseur à cheval regiments in service but, in that same year, the 17e and 18e Chasseur a cheval regiments were disbanded never to be raised again until after Napoleon's final abdication in 1815. 

CONVERSION KITS - this kit includes extra arms to alter the trooper's positions.

ITEM

DESCRIPTION KIT PAINTED

HXH033

French Chasseur a cheval Trooper, Mounted $37.25 $258.00

 

FRENCH HEAVY CAVALRY 1794-1803

Credit for this image is Historex NCO Color Card Series 686-687

Historex Series 686, French Cavalry 1794-1803, depicted in the above illustration by the two figures on the far left, were the heavy or battlefield cavalry of the French army.  In 1791, there were 24 heavy cavalry regiments dressed in blue coats and, for uniform distinction, were grouped into four 6-regiment facing color groups: 1st - 6th scarlet, 7th - 12th yellow, 13th -18th crimson, and 19th -24th pink.  In 1793, the 25th - 29th Regiments were authorized and assigned the color orange.

 The facing color was presented on lapels, cuffs, cuff-flaps, turnbacks, and collars in certain combinations.  To further distinguish each regiment within a group, three had vertical rear pockets and three had horizontal rear pockets.

Each regiment had four squadrons each of two companies.  The 1st Company in the 1st Squadron was designated the "Elite" company and wore the bearskin bonnet.  All other companies were known as "Center" companies and wore the bicorne.  The 8th Regiment was formally the Cuirassiers du Roi in the Ancien Regime and continued to wear the cuirass.

CONVERSION KITS - each includes extra arms and legs 

ITEM

ELITE COY (BEARSKIN) KIT PAINTED

686101

French Cavalry Elite Company (bearskin) - Officer $37.25 $248.00

686102

French Cavalry Elite Company (bearskin) - Standard Bearer $37.25 $298.00

686104

French Cavalry Elite Company (bearskin) - Trooper $37.25 $268.00
686105 French Cavalry Elite Company (bearskin) - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

ITEM

CENTER COY (BICORNE) KIT PAINTED
686201 French Cavalry Center Company (bicorne) - Officer $37.25 $248.00
686202 French Cavalry Center Company (bicorne) - Std Bearer $37.25 $298.00
686204 French Cavalry Center Company (bicorne) - Trooper $37.25 $268.00
686205 French Cavalry Center Company (bicorne) - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

ITEM

8th REGIMENT ELITE COY (CUIRASS/BEARSKIN) KIT PAINTED
68631a French Cavalry 8th Regiment Elite Coy - Officer $37.25 $248.00
68632a French Cavalry 8th Regiment Elite Coy - Standard Bearer $37.25 $298.00
68633a?? French Cavalry 8th Regiment Elite Coy - NCO $37.25 $268.00
68634a French Cavalry 8th Regiment Elite Coy - Trooper $37.25 $268.00
68635a French Cavalry 8th Regiment Elite Coy - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

ITEM

8th REGIMENT CENTER COY (CUIRASS/BICORNE) KIT PAINTED
68631b?? French Cavalry 8th Regiment Center Coy - Officer $37.25 $248.00
68632b French Cavalry 8th Regiment Center Coy - Standard Bearer $37.25 $298.00
68633b French Cavalry 8th Regiment Center Coy - NCO $37.25 $268.00
68634b French Cavalry 8th Regiment Center Coy - Trooper $37.25 $268.00
68635b French Cavalry 8th Regiment Center Coy - Trumpeter $37.25 $268.00

 

FRENCH CAVALRY OF THE DIRECTOIRE 1795-1798

Credit for this image Historex NCO

The Directoire or Directory was the executive of France from 1795 to 1798.  It ended with the Consulate which ruled from 1799 to 1804 and was superseded by the crowning of Napoléon as the Emperor of France.   Historex kit HXH039 represents a mounted trooper (soldat) of the Grenadiers a cheval of the Directoire who served as a guard for "Directors" serving in the field including General Bonaparte.  The Directoire Grenadiers would evolve into the Grenadiers of the Consular Guard and ultimately of the Imperial Guard.

This kit builds one mounted trooper. 

ITEM

DESCRIPTION KIT PAINTED

HXH039

Grenadier a cheval du Directoire, 1796-98 - Soldat $37.25 $268.00

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ADDITIONAL HELPFUL PAINTING GUIDES

(The Osprey Series recommended below are helpful in tracing the lineage and history of regiments)

Bukhari, Emil.  Napoleon's Dragoons and Lancers, Osprey Men-at-Arms Series.  London: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 1976.

Bukhari, Emil.  Napoleon's Cuirassiers and Carabiniers, Osprey Men-at-Arms Series.  London: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 1977.

Bukhari, Emil.  Napoleon's Hussars, Osprey Men-at-Arms Series.  London: Osprey Publishing Ltd, 1978.

Detaille, Edouard.  L'Armée Francaise.  New York: Waxtel & Hasenauer, 1992.

Haythornthwaite, Philip.  Uniforms of the French Revolutionary Wars 1789-1802.  Poole, Dorset UK: Blandford Press, 1981.

Jouineau, Andre and Jean-Marie Mongin.  Officers and Soldiers of the French Hussars, Part 1. From the "Ancien Regime" to the Empire.   Paris: Histoire & Collections, 2004.

Rousselot, Lucien.  Hussards, 1790-1804, Planche 9, Armee Francaise.  Paris: Le Cimier.

Rousselot, Lucien.  Cavalerie Réglement de 1786, Planche 14, Armee Francaise.  Paris: Le Cimier.

Rousselot, Lucien.  Hussards Réglement de 1786, Planche 51, Armee Francaise.  Paris: Le Cimier.

 

 

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